DS1258AB DS2401 DS1258Y DS2433 DS2431 DS1213B DS1213C DS1388 DS1220AD DS1845 DS1220 DS1846 DS1225 DS1230 DS3902 DS1235 DS3906 DS1243 DS3930 DS1244 DS1245. DS28E01等
The DS2401 enhanced Silicon Serial Number is a low-cost, electronic registration number that provides an absolutely unique identity which can be determined with a minimal electronic interface, typically a single port pin of a microcontroller. The DS2401 consists of a factory-lasered, 64-bit ROM that includes a unique 48-bit serial number, an 8-bit CRC, and an 8-bit Family Code (01h). Data is transferred serially via the 1-Wire protocol which requires only a single data lead and a ground return. Power for reading and writing the device is derived from the data line itself with no need for an external power source. The DS2401 is an upgrade to the DS2400. The DS2401 is fully reverse-compatible with the DS2400 but provides the additional multi-drop capability that enables many devices to reside on a single data line. The familiar TO-92, SOT-223 or TSOC package provides a compact enclosure that allows standard assembly equipment to handle the device easily.
The DS2401’s internal ROM is accessed via a single data line. The 48-bit serial number, 8-bit family code and 8-bit CRC are retrieved using the Dallas 1-Wire protocol. This protocol defines bus transactions in terms of the bus state during specified time slots that are initiated on the falling edge of sync pulses from the bus master. All data is read and written least significant bit first.
The 1-Wire bus is a system which has a single bus master system and one or more slaves. In all instances, the DS2401 is a slave device. The bus master is typically a microcontroller. The discussion of this bus system is broken down into three topics: hardware configuration, transaction sequence, and 1-Wire signaling (signal type and timing). For a more detailed protocol description, refer to Chapter 4 of the Book of DS19xx iButton Standards.
Hardware Configuration
The 1-Wire bus has only a single line by definition; it is important that each device on the bus be able to drive it at the appropriate time. To facilitate this, each device attached to the 1-Wire bus must have an open drain connection or 3-state outputs. The DS2401 is an open drain part with an internal circuit equivalent to that shown in Figure 2. The bus master can be the same equivalent circuit. If a bidirectional pin is not available, separate output and input pins can be tied together. The bus master requires a pullup resistor at the master end of the bus, with the bus master circuit equivalent to the one shown in Figure 3. The value of the pullup resistor should be approximately 5 k for short line lengths. A multidrop bus consists of a 1-Wire bus with multiple slaves attached. The 1-Wire bus has a maximum data rate of 16.3 kbits per second.
The idle state for the 1-Wire bus is high. If, for any reason, a transaction needs to be suspended, the bus MUST be left in the idle state if the transaction is to resume. If this does not occur and the bus is left low for more than 120 s, one or more of the devices on the bus may be reset.
DS2401 MEMORY MAP Figure 1
8-Bit CRC Code 48-Bit Serial Number 8-Bit Family Code (01h)
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